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托福阅读文章话题细分,考前一周紧急上分27+!

时间:2019-07-19 10:17 来源:湖北小马过河 作者:小马过河 阅读量 (
栏目摘要: 眼看它文章茫茫,再看泪眼汪汪,眼看它长难句多多,再看万念俱灰,眼看我分数遥遥无期,再看心烦意乱。。。。。。 托福阅读 最恼人的问题是什么?长难句、长文章、还是题太难?都是!但综合起来,最难的还是 托福文章话题 ,遇上熟练的话题还好说,能轻松搞定;但遇上难缠的话题,头都得挠秃。就近两年比较流行的 “ 社会类 ” 话题文章来说,不少同学都不太熟悉,导致一旦考试中这类文章占比过高,大家整体阅读分数就会下降。 而且,小...

眼看它文章茫茫,再看泪眼汪汪,眼看它长难句多多,再看万念俱灰,眼看我分数遥遥无期,再看心烦意乱。。。。。。

托福阅读最恼人的问题是什么?长难句、长文章、还是题太难?都是!但综合起来,最难的还是托福文章话题,遇上熟练的话题还好说,能轻松搞定;但遇上难缠的话题,头都得挠秃。就近两年比较流行的社会类话题文章来说,不少同学都不太熟悉,导致一旦考试中这类文章占比过高,大家整体阅读分数就会下降。


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而且,小马君注意到,大家平时对于阅读题型的分类更加看重,忽视了文章话题,这就有点本末倒置。要知道,文章是我们获取信息的关键,先搞懂文章才能做题,因此我们的重点应当是从阅读文章上出发,那么,常考题型有哪些呢?

 

这里分自然科学、生物科学和社会科学三大类,每种话题下再细分,还有推荐练习材料,大家赶紧收藏!

自然科学

这一类话题包括地质学、天文学等,经常会考到如冰川、火星、化石等内容,不过这个话题因为比较生僻,一直以来都被托福考试拿来当做为难考生的文章。这类文章即使是看中文也往往很难理解,因此考生的答题正确率和完成度都是明显较低的。

 

因此,小马君还是希望大家能够重点积累话题相关的词汇,以提升对文章的理解能力。

 

常见词汇:volcano火山,layer岩层,karst喀斯特地形,permeable可渗透,meteo陨石,asteroid小行星等等。

当然,光积累词汇作用不大,还是得有针对性练习,话题分类和推荐练习材料如下:

 

一、地质学

冰川类

1 OG:green Icebergs

2 TPO 15:Glacier Formation

3 TPO 19:Discovering The Ice Ages

 

地质类

1 OG:Geology and Landscape

2 TPO 01:Groundwater

3 TPO 03:Depletion of The Ogallala Aquifer

4 TPO 12:Water in The Desert

5 TPO 21:Geothermal Energy

6 TPO 24:Lake Water

7 TPO 28-1:Groundwater

8 TPO 27-2:The Formation of Volcanic Islands

 

二、天文学

火星类

1 TPO 08:Running Water On Mars

2 TPO 25:The Surface of Mars

 

其他行星类

1 TPO 16:Planets in Our Solar System

2 TPO 22:The Allende Meteorite

 

 

生物科学

 

 

这一大类话题经常出现,在阅读部分的占比也很大,其中涉及到濒危动物保护、环境问题等。由于是托福阅读话题中的常考话题,所以大家应该对此也最为熟练。

 

但这个话题对应的词汇还是需要好好积累,比如unpredictable无法预测的,range幅度,extinction灭绝,endangered濒危,tropical热带,jungle丛林,equatorial赤道等等。

练习配套材料如下:

 

一、植物学

1 Sample:Opportunity and Competitors

2 TPO 01:Timberline Vegetation on Mountains

3 TPO 05:Minerals and Plants

4 TPO 09:The Arrival of Plant Life in Hawaii

5 TPO 22:Spartina

6 TPO 25:The Evolutionary Origin of Plants

7 TPO 32:Plant Colonization

 

二、动物学

动物特点

1 OG:Swimming Machines

2 OG:Feeding Habits of East African Herbivores

3 TPO 04:Deer Population of The Puget Sound

4 TPO 13:Biological Clock

5 TPO 15:A Warm-blooded Turtle

6 TPO 17-3:Symbiotic Relationship

7 TPO 32:Distribution of Tropical Bee Colonies

 

动物变化

1 TPO 05:The Cambrian Explosion

2 TPO 08:Extinction of The Dinosaurs

3 TPO 15:Mass Extinctions

4 TPO 31-1: Speciation in Geographically Isolated Populations

5 TPO 30-2: The Pace of Evolutionary Change

6 TPO 33: Extinction Episodes of the past

 

动物行为

1 TPO 02:The Origins of Cetaceans

2 TPO 11:Begging by Nestlings

3 TPO 11:Orientation and Navigation

4 TPO 17:Ani mal Signals in The Rain Forest

5 TPO 30-1 Role of Play in Development

6 TPO 29-2:Competition

7 TPO 28-3:Buck Rubs and Buck Scrapes

8 TPO 27-3:Predator-Prey Cycles

 

三、生态/环境/能源

1 TPO 03:The Long-Term Stability of Ecosystems

2 TPO 10:Variations in The Climate

3 TPO 19:Succession, Climax, and Ecosystems

4 TPO 23:Urban Climates

5 TPO 26:Survival of Plants and Animals in Desert Conditions

6 TPO 29-3:The History of Waterpower

7 TPO 31-3: Savanna Formation

 

 

社会科学

 

 

这个话题最近几年也是越来越多,各类文章层出不穷。特别是涉及到历史的话题,具体文章内容实在太多,比如人类文化变迁,古代人类生活习惯等等。一旦出现这种话题,很多相关词汇也常会让大家觉得头疼,毕竟对这类话题感兴趣的同学应该是没几个。

 

常见词汇:relics遗迹,remains遗迹,mausoleum陵墓,handicraft工艺品,territorial领土,civilization文明。

练习材料对应如下:

 

一、艺术绘画/雕塑/陶瓷

1 OG:Applied Arts and Fine Arts

2 TPO 04:Cave Art in Europe

3 TPO 10:Chinese Pottery

4 TPO 11:Ancient Egyptian Sculpture

5 TPO 23:Rock Art of the Australian Aborigines

6 TPO 29-1:Characteristics of Roman Pottery

7 TPO 27-1:Crafts in the Ancient near East

 

二、人类历史/考古学/工业化介绍

1 OG:Artisans and Industrialization

2 TPO 06:Powering The Industrial Revolution

3 TPO 18:Industrialization in The Netherlands and Scandinavia

4 TPO 26:Energy and the Industrial Revolution

5 TPO 30-3: The Invention of the Mechanical Clock

6 TPO 32:Siam, 1851-1910

7 TPO 33:The first civilization

8 TPO 33:Railroads and Commercial Agricuture

 

贸易/经济介绍

1 TPO 10:Seventeenth-Century European Economic Growth

2 TPO 14:Pastoralism in Ancient Inner Eurasia

3 TPO 16:Trade and The Ancient Middle East

4 TPO 17:Europes Early Sea Trade with Asia

5 TPO 25:The Decline of Venetian Shipping

 

农业发展

1 TPO 07:Agriculture, Iron, and The Bantu Peoples

2 TPO 21:The Origins of Agriculture

3 TPO 23:Seventeenth-Century Dutch Agriculture

 

国家/城市特点

1 OG:Nineteenth-Century Politics in The United States

2 TPO 07-2:Ancient Rome and Greece

3 TPO 08:The Rise of Teotihuacan

4 TPO 14:Maya Water Problems

5 TPO 19:The Roman Armys Impact on Britain

6 TPO 26:Sumer and The First Cities of The Ancient Near East

 

人口变化特点

1 TPO 05:The Origins of The Pacific Island People

2 TPO 09:Colonizing The Americas Via The Northwest Coast

3 TPO 20:Westward Migration

4 TPO 20:Early Settlement in The Southwest Asia

5 TPO 24:Moving into Pueblos

6 TPO 28-2: Early Saharan Pastoralists

 

三、心理/生理学

1 OG:Aggression

2 OG:The Expression of Emotion

3 TPO06:Infantile Amnesia

4 TPO 13:Methods of Studying Infant Perception

5 TPO 18:The Mystery of Yawning

6 TPO 21:Autobiographical Memory

7 TPO 24:Breathing During Sleep

 

四、社会学/教育

1 TPO 09:Reflection in Teaching

2 TPO 13:Types of Social Groups

3 TPO 14:Children and Advertising

4 TPO 31-2: Early Children Education

 

其他学科类/人物小传

1 OG:Loie Fuller

2 TPO 06:William Smith

3 TPO 16:Development of The Periodic Table

4 TPO 12:Which Hand Did They Use?

 

整理这么多,小马君眼都要花了。赶紧get起来备考托福吧,阅读27+没问题!


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