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GRE阅读和新托福阅读中的句子作用题

时间:2019-07-10 10:29 来源:未知 作者:小马过河 阅读量 (
栏目摘要: GRE阅读和新托福阅读中的句子作用题...

今天小马过河的小马君和大家分享的是,GRE阅读和新托福阅读中的句子作用题的相似性。大家搬好小板凳,认真看。

GRE阅读中的句子作用题解题思路分析:首先通过题干中定位词找到句子所在位置,比如上文题目中提到的两个人名就是定位词,然后我们要做的就是分析所问对象指向的逻辑上一层主题,也就是这句话在文章当中的作用或者说功能,如问到例子的作用,答案往前找论点,答案常有 illustrate 或 give an example of。按一般规律来说,答案多往前找,偶尔也在后文。


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技巧 

逻辑上一层

句子成分          →   句子主干

句子          →   论

观点          →   主题

结论            →   主题

Although passenger pigeons, now extinct, were abundant in eighteenth-and nineteenth-century America, archaeological studies at twelfth-century Cahokian sites in the present-day United States examined household food trash and found that traces of passenger pigeon were quite rare. Given that the sites were close to a huge passenger pigeon roost documented by John James Audubon in the nineteenth century and that Cahokians consumed almost every other animal protein source available, the archaeologist conducting the studies concluded the passenger pigeon population had once been very limited before increasing dramatically in post-Columbian America. Other archaeologists have criticized those conclusions on the grounds that passenger pigeon bones would not be likely to be preserved. But all the archaeological projects found plenty of bird bonesand even some tiny bones from fish. (来自网络提供的真题回忆05年3月15日考题)

1. The author of the passage mentions tiny bones from fish primarily in order to 

A. Explain why traces of passenger pigeon are rare at Cahokian sites

B. Support a claim about the wide variety of animal proteins in the Cahokian diet

C. Provide evidence that confirms a theory about the extinction of the passenger pigeon

D. Cast doubt on the conclusion reached by the archaeologists who conducted the studies discussed in the passage

E. Counter an objection to an interpretation of the data obtained from Cahokian sites

 

解题思路:首先通过题干tiny bones from fish 定位到文章中最后一句话,通过对整体文章结构的分析,我们会发现作者提出这个信息点是为了对前一句Other  archaeologists所提出的观点进行否定,通过but也可以明确这个点,而Other  archaeologists所说的结论是否定前面提到the archaeologist conducting the studies 的观点,所以本题答案为E。

 

 

Finally, Earths unique and massive satellite, the Moon, plays a crucial role in stabilizing the obliquity of Earths rotational axis, this obliquity creates the terrestrial seasonality so important to the evolution and diversity of life. Mars, in contrast, has a wildly oscillating tilt and chaotic seasonality, while Venus, rotating slowly backward, has virtually no seasonality at all.(来自网络回忆真题05年3月15 日)

3. The author of the passage most likely mentions Mars oscillating tilt primarily in order to

A. Provide evidence for a proposition about the potential effects of cometary impacts

B. Emphasize the absence from our solar system of normal planets

C. Contrast the rotational axis of Mars with that of Venus

D. Characterize the role of other planets in the solar system in earths development

E. Emphasize the importance of the Moon to the development of life on Earth

 

解题思路:通过题干定位Mars oscillating tilt找到文章中的最后一段最后一句,而通过对这一段的结构分析,你会发现这句话的目的显然是为了支持这一段的第一句话,通过in contrast也可以明确这一点,而这段的中心思想也就是说月亮对地球起到很重要的作用,所以本题答案选择E。解题思路

在新托福阅读中,句子作用题的解题思路:通过对所指的内容所在的位置进行作用分析,一般来说考察比较多的是句子中的细节信息,而根据一般文章段落分析来看,句子细节信息主要是为了突出它所支持的观点。考生要注意是不能选择跟句子信息内容一样的选项,这也是最误导学生的选项之一,因为一般来说句子信息的作用不会是支持它本身。这样相比较来说,新托福阅读跟GRE阅读中的这类题型做法极其相似,都需要考生来分析出作者写作的意图。所以考生在做GRE阅读题时,可以结合新托福阅读中的此类题型的做法来进行解题,那么对GRE阅读的恐怖将一扫而光。

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