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GRE写作中的陷阱

时间:2019-07-10 10:29 来源:未知 作者:小马过河 阅读量 (
栏目摘要: GRE写作中的陷阱...

GRE写作的一个大忌是,在形式上求新(这其实也算是所有写作的大忌)。比如就结尾段而言,ETS首先要我们做到的是coherence,即结尾和前文浑然一体。例如下题:

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Some people believe that government officials must carry out the will of the people they serve. Others believe that officials should base their decisions on their own judgment.

如果我们的开头段想表达这两种观点并不矛盾,我们可以说:

Which criterion should be given more weight when assessing government officials, their determination to carry out the will of the people they serve or their ability to stand by their own decisions? While some designate government officials as public servants, others appreciate officials resolution to make their own judgment, with publics will relegated to a secondary concern. While both of these views have merit, I argue that they are not necessarily mutually exclusive.

而在结尾段,我们首先要做的事情是:照应开头。因此,“两种观点不矛盾”这一点就应该在结尾段复述。如果时间不够,大家可以直接照抄开头段的最后一句。而如果大家时间充足,我们则可以在下面几个层面再做润色:

1. 可以把中心句同义改写。比如:Despite their respective virtues, it would be ill-conceived to assume that these two views are contradictory to each other.

2. 可以把开头段的更多部分同义改写。比如(加粗下划线部分为添加部分):What qualities should we take into consideration while assessing a leader? While a conspicuous discrepancy is observed in the issue task between the claim that emphasizes leaders adherence to their own judgement and the perspective which prioritizes leades subordination to the people they serve, it would be ill-conceived to assume that these two views are contradictory to each other.

3. 在学术写作中,还有一些结尾段方式,如做预测、喊口号等。这些方式在GRE写作中不是必须的,但如果时间充裕,也可以运用。如在这道题目中,我们可以添加:

What qualities should we take into consideration while assessing a leader? While a conspicuous discrepancy is observed in the issue task between the claim that emphasizes leaders’ adherence to his own judgement and the perspective which prioritizes leades’ subordination to the people they serve, it would be ill-conceived to assume that these two views are contradictory to each other. We can predict that by striking a balance between these two views, we can form an ideal picture in which leaders and public share a harmonious society and benefit from each other. (做预测)What qualities should we take into consideration while assessing a leader? While a conspicuous discrepancy is observed in the issue task between the claim that emphasizes leaders adherence to his own judgement and the perspective which prioritizes leades’ subordination to the people they serve, it would be ill-conceived to assume that these two views are contradictory to each other. Why not, then, endeavor to strike a balance between these two views and expect an ideal picture in which leaders and public share a harmonious society and benefit from each other? (喊口号)

让我们来总结一下:结尾段必须包含的要素:全文的中心句。如果时间太紧,可以直接复制开头的中心句。结尾段可以锦上添花的地方:

1. 同义改写开头段出现的中心句。

2. 同义改写开头段的其他部分。

3. 通过做预测或喊口号的方式来升华结尾。

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